Coffeee Shop Business Plan.pdf
  

1.1  Objectives

Java Culture's objectives for the first year of operations are:

  • Become selected as the "Best New Coffee Bar in the area" by the local restaurant guide.
  • Turn in profits from the first month of operations.
  • Maintain a 65% gross margin.


1.2 Keys to Success

The keys to success will be:

  • Store design that will be both visually attractive to customers, and designed for fast and efficient operations.
  • Employee training to insure the best coffee preparation techniques.
  • Marketing strategies aimed to build a solid base of loyal customers, as well as maximizing the sales of high margin products, such as espresso drinks.

1.3 Mission

Java Culture will make its best effort to create a unique place where customers can socialize with each other in a comfortable and relaxing environment while enjoying the best brewed coffee or espresso and pastries in town. We will be in the business of helping our customers to relieve their daily stresses by providing piece of mind through great ambience, convenient location, friendly customer service, and products of consistently high quality. Java Culture will invest its profits to increase the employee satisfaction while providing stable return to its shareholders.

Company Summary

Java Culture, an Oregon limited liability company, sells coffee, other beverages and snacks in its 2,300 square feet premium coffee bar located near the University of Oregon campus.  Java Culture's major investors are Arthur Garfield and James Polk who cumulatively own over 70% of the company. The start-up loss of the company is assumed in the amount of $27,680.

2.1 Company Ownership

Java Culture is registered as a Limited Liability Corporation in the state of Oregon. Arthur Garfield owns 51% of the company. His cousin, James Polk, as well as Megan Flanigan and Todd Barkley hold minority stakes in Java Culture, LLC.

2.2 Start-up Summary

The start-up expenses include:

  • Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits as well as the accounting services totaling $1,300.
  • Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of Java Culture in the amount of $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580.
  • Consultants fees of $3,000 paid to ABC Espresso Services <name changed> for the help with setting up the coffee bar.
  • Insurance (general liability, workers' compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium of $2,400.
  • Pre-paid rent expenses for one month at $1.76 per square feet in the total amount of $4,400.
  • Premises remodeling in the amount of $10,000.
  • Other start-up expenses including stationery ($500) and phone and utility deposits ($2,500).

The required start-up assets of $142,320 include:

  • Operating capital in the total amount of $67,123, which includes employees and owner's salaries of $23,900 for the first two months and cash reserves for the first three months of operation (approximately $14,400 per month).
  • Start-up inventory of $16,027, which includes:

*   Coffee beans (12 regular brands and five decaffeinated brands) - $6,000

*   Coffee filters, baked goods, salads, sandwiches, tea, beverages, etc. - $7,900

*   Retail supplies (napkins, coffee bags, cleaning, etc.) - $1,840

*   Office supplies - $287

  • Equipment for the total amount of $59,170:

*   Espresso machine - $6,000

*   Coffee maker - $900

*   Coffee grinder - $200

*   Food service equipment (microwave, toasters, dishwasher, refrigerator, blender, etc.) - $18,000

*   Storage hardware (bins, utensil rack, shelves, food case) - $3,720

*   Counter area equipment (counter top, sink, ice machine, etc.) - $9,500

*   Serving area equipment (plates, glasses, flatware) - $3,000

*   Store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) - $13,750

*   Office equipment (PC, fax/printer, phone, furniture, file cabinets) - $3,600

*   Other miscellaneous expenses - $500

Funding for the company comes from two major sources--owners' investments and bank loans. Two major owners, Arthur Garfield and James Polk, have contributed $70,000 and $30,00 respectively. All other investors have contributed $40,000, which brings the total investments to $140,000. The remaining $30,000 needed to cover the start-up expenses and assets came from the two bank loans--a one-year loan in the amount of $10,000 and a long-term (five years) loan of $20,000. Both loans were secured through the Bank of America. Thus, total start-up loss is assumed in the amount of $27,680.

The following chart and table summarize the start-up assumptions.

 

 

Start-up Requirements

Start-up Expenses

Legal

$1,300

Stationery etc.

$500

Brochures

$3,580

Consultants

$3,000

Insurance

$2,400

Rent

$4,400

Remodeling

$10,000

Other

$2,500

Total Start-up Expenses

$27,680

Start-up Assets

Cash Required

$67,123

Start-up Inventory

$16,027

Other Current Assets

$0

Long-term Assets

$59,170

Total Assets

$142,320

Total Requirements

$170,000

 

 

Start-up Funding

Start-up Expenses to Fund

$27,680

Start-up Assets to Fund

$142,320

Total Funding Required

$170,000

Assets

Non-cash Assets from Start-up

$75,197

Cash Requirements from Start-up

$67,123

Additional Cash Raised

$0

Cash Balance on Starting Date

$67,123

Total Assets

$142,320

Liabilities and Capital

Liabilities

Current Borrowing

$10,000

Long-term Liabilities

$20,000

Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills)

$0

Other Current Liabilities (interest-free)

$0

Total Liabilities

$30,000

Capital

Planned Investment

Arthur Garfield

$70,000

James Polk

$30,000

All other investors

$40,000

Additional Investment Requirement

$0

Total Planned Investment

$140,000

Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses)

($27,680)

Total Capital

$112,320

Total Capital and Liabilities

$142,320

Total Funding

$170,000


2.3 Company Locations and Facilities

Java Culture coffee bar will be located on the ground floor of the commercial building at the corner of West 13th Avenue and Patterson Street in Eugene, OR. The company has secured a one-year lease of the vacant 2,500 square feet premises previously occupied by a hair salon. The lease contract has an option of renewal for three years at a fixed rate that Java Culture will execute depending on the financial strength of its business.

The floor plan will include a 200 square feet back office and a 2,300 square feet coffee bar, which will include a seating area with 15 tables, a kitchen, storage area and two bathrooms. The space in the coffee bar will be approximately distributed the following way--1,260 square feet (i.e., 55% of the total) for the seating area, 600 square feet (26%) for the production area, and the remaining 440 square feet (19%) for the customer service area.

This property is located in a commercial area within a walking distance from the University of Oregon campus on the corner of a major thoroughfare connecting affluent South Eugene neighborhood with the busy downtown commercial area. The commercially zoned premises have the necessary water and electricity hookups and will require only minor remodeling to accommodate the espresso bar, kitchen and storage area. The coffee bar's open and clean interior design with modern wooden decor will convey the quality of the served beverages and snacks, and will be in-line with the establishment's positioning as an eclectic place where people can relax and enjoy their cup of coffee. The clear window displays, through which passerby will be able to see customers enjoying their beverages, and outside electric signs will be aimed to grab the attention of the customer traffic.

Products

Java Culture will offer its customers the best tasting coffee beverages in the area. This will be achieved by using high-quality ingredients and strictly following preparation guidelines. The store layout, menu listings and marketing activities will be focused on maximizing the sales of higher margin espresso drinks. Along with the espresso drinks, brewed coffee and teas, as well as some refreshment beverages, will be sold in the coffee bar. Java Culture will also offer its clients pastries, small salads and sandwiches. For the gourmet clientele that prefers to prepare its coffee at home, Java Culture will also be selling coffee beans.

The menu offerings will be supplemented by free books and magazines that customers can read inside the coffee bar.

3.1 Product Description

The menu of the Java Culture coffee bar will be built around espresso-based coffee drinks such as lattes, mochas, cappuccinos, etc. Each of the espresso-based drinks will be offered with whole, skimmed, or soy milk. Each of these coffee beverages is based on a 'shot' of espresso, which is prepared in the espresso machine by forcing heated water through ground coffee at high pressure. Such espresso shots are combined with steamed milk and/or other additives like cocoa, caramel, etc., to prepare the espresso-based beverages. Proper preparation techniques are of paramount importance for such drinks. A minor deviation from the amount of coffee in the shot, the size of the coffee particles, the temperature of milk, etc., can negatively affect the quality of the prepared drink.

Market Analysis Summary

U.S. coffee consumption has shown steady growth, with gourmet coffee having the strongest growth. Coffee drinkers in the Pacific Northwest are among the most demanding ones. They favor well-brewed gourmet coffee drinks and demand great service. Eugene, OR, with its liberal and outgoing populace and long rainy winter, has traditionally been a great place for coffee establishments. Java Culture will strive to build a loyal customer base by offering a great tasting coffee in a  relaxing environment of its coffee bar located close to the bustling University of Oregon campus.

4.1 Market Segmentation

Java Culture will focus its marketing activities on reaching the University students and faculty, people working in offices located close to the coffee bar and on sophisticated teenagers. Our market research shows that these are the customer groups that are most likely to buy gourmet coffee products. Since gourmet coffee consumption is universal across different income categories and mostly depends on the level of higher education, proximity to the University of Oregon campus will provide access to the targeted customer audience.

The chart and table below outline the total market potential (in number of customers) of gourmet coffee drinkers in Eugene, OR.

 

 

Market Analysis

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Potential Customers

Growth

CAGR

Students and Faculty

2%

18,000

18,360

18,727

19,102

19,484

2.00%

Teenagers

1%

3,000

3,030

3,060

3,091

3,122

1.00%

Office workers

2%

8,000

8,160

8,323

8,489

8,659

2.00%

Other

0%

5,000

5,000

5,000

5,000

5,000

0.00%

Total

1.63%

34,000

34,550

35,110

35,682

36,265

1.63%

 

4.2 Target Market Segment Strategy

Java Culture will cater to people who want to get their daily cup of great-tasting coffee in a relaxing atmosphere. Such customers vary in age, although our location close to the University campus means that most of our clientele will be college students and faculty. Our market research shows that these are discerning customers that gravitate towards better tasting coffee. Furthermore, a lot of college students consider coffee bars to be a convenient studying or meeting location, where they can read or meet with peers without the necessity to pay cover charges. For us, this will provide a unique possibility for building a loyal client base.

4.2.1 Market Needs

General trend toward quality among U.S. consumers definitely plays an important role in the recent growth in gourmet coffee. Additionally, such factors as desire for small indulgencies, for something more exotic and unique, provide a good selling opportunity for coffee bars.

4.3 Industry Analysis

Coffee consumption has shown a steady 2.5% growth rate in the United States over the last decade. In 1994, total sales of coffee were approximately $7.5 billion with gourmet coffee representing 33% (or $2.5 billion) of that. The retail coffee industry is flourishing in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. The local climate, with a long rainy season, is very conducive for the consumption of hot non-alcoholic beverages. At the same time, hot dry summers drive people into cafes to order iced drinks. Further, coffee has really become a part of the lifestyle in the Pacific Northwest. Its discerning coffee drinkers are in favor of well-prepared, strong coffee-based beverages, which they can consume in a relaxing environment.

4.3.1 Competition and Buying Patterns

Competition

According to the 1997 Oregon Food service Statistics (NAICS 72), Eugene had 45 established snack & non-alcoholic beverage bars (NAICS 722213) with total sales of $14.2 million. Among other establishments that offer coffee drinks to their customers are most of Eugene's limited- and full-service restaurants. Java Culture's direct competitors will be other coffee bars located near the University of Oregon campus. These include Starbucks, Cafe Roma, The UO Bookstore, and other Food service establishments that offer coffee. Starbucks will definitely be one of the major competitors because of its strong financial position and established marketing and operational practices. However, despite of Starbuck's entrenched market position, many customers favor smaller, independent establishments that offer cozy atmosphere and good coffee at affordable prices. Cafe Roma is a good example of such competition. We estimate that Starbucks holds approximately 35% market share in that neighborhood, Cafe Roma appeals to 25% of customers, The UO Bookstore caters to another 10%, with the remaining market share split among other establishments. Java Culture will position itself as a unique coffee bar that not only offers the best tasting coffee and pastries but also provides home-like, cozy and comfortable environment, which established corporate establishments lack. We will cater to customers' bodies and minds, which will help us grow our market share in this competitive market.

Buying Patterns

The major reason for the customers to return to a specific coffee bar is a great tasting coffee, quick service and pleasant atmosphere. Although, as stated before, coffee consumption is uniform across different income segments, Java Culture will price its product offerings competitively. We strongly believe that selling coffee with a great service in a nice setting will help us build a strong base of loyal clientele.

Strategy and Implementation Summary

Java Culture's marketing strategy will be focused at getting new customers, retaining the existing customers, getting customers to spend more and come back more often. Establishing a loyal customer base is of a paramount importance since such customer core will not only generate most of the sales but also will provide favorable referrals.

5.1 Competitive Edge

Java Culture will position itself as unique coffee bar where its patrons can not only enjoy a cup of perfectly brewed coffee but also spend their time in an ambient environment. Comfortable sofas and chairs, dimmed light and quiet relaxing music will help the customers to relax from the daily stresses and will differentiate Java Culture from incumbent competitors.

5.2 Sales Strategy

Java Culture baristas will handle the sales transactions. To speed up the customer service, at least two employees will be servicing clients--while one employee will be preparing the customer's order, the other one will be taking care of the sales transaction. All sales data logged on the computerized point-of-sale terminal will be later analyzed for marketing purposes.

In order to build up its client base, Java Culture will use banners and fliers, utilize customer referrals and cross-promotions with other businesses in the community. At the same time, customer retention programs will be used to make sure the customers are coming back and spending more at the coffee bar.

5.2.1 Sales Forecast

Food costs are assumed at 25% for coffee beverages and 50% for retail beans and pastries. Proximity to the University campus will dictate certain sales seasonality with revenues slightly decreasing during the school vacation periods.

 

The chart and table below outline our projected sales forecast for the next three years.

http://www.bplans.com/coffee_shop_business_plan/images/834aaa21ee164a999d18381262f405d6.png



 

Sales Forecast

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Sales

Coffee beverages

$350,400

$385,440

$423,984

Coffee beans

$87,600

$96,360

$105,996

Pastries, etc.

$146,000

$160,600

$176,660

Total Sales

$584,000

$642,400

$706,640

Direct Cost of Sales

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Coffee beverages

$87,600

$96,360

$105,996

Coffee beans

$43,800

$48,180

$52,998

Pastries, etc.

$73,000

$80,300

$88,330

Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales

$204,400

$224,840

$247,324


Management Summary

Java Culture is majority-owned by Arthur Garfield and James Polk. Mr. Garfield holds a Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration from the University of ZYX. He's worked for several years as an independent business consultant. Previously, he owned the ABC Travel Agency, which he profitably sold four years ago. Mr. Garfield has extensive business contacts in Oregon that he will leverage to help his new venture succeed. Mr. Polk has a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology from the XYZ State University. For the last five years he has worked as a manager of DEF Ristorante, a successful Italian restaurant in Portland, OR. Under Mr. Polk's management, the restaurant has consistently increased sales while maintaining a lower than average level of operating expenses.

However, because of the investors' other commitments they will not be involved into the daily management decisions at Java Culture. A professional manager ($35,000/yr) will be hired who will oversee all the coffee bar operations. Two full-time baristas ($25,000/yr each) will be in charge of coffee preparation. Four more part-time employees will be hired to fulfill the staffing needs. In the second and third year of operation one more part-time employee will be hired to handle the increased sales volume.

6.1 Management Team

A full-time manager will be hired to oversee the daily operations at Java Culture. The candidate (who's name is withheld due to his current employment commitment) has had three years of managerial experience in the definitely industry in Oregon. This person's responsibilities will include managing the staff, ordering inventory, dealing with suppliers, developing a marketing strategy and perform other daily managerial duties. We believe that our candidate has the right experience for this role. A profit-sharing arrangement for the manager may be considered based on the first year operational results.

6.2 Management Team Gaps

Despite the owners' and manager's experience in the definitely industry, the company will retain the consulting services of ABC Espresso Services, the consultants who have helped to develop the business idea for Java Culture. This company has over twenty years of experience in the retail coffee industry and has successfully opened dozens of coffee bars across the U.S. Consultants will be primarily used for market research, customer satisfaction surveys and to provide additional input into the evaluation of the new business opportunities.

6.3 Personnel Plan
 

The table below outlines the personnel needs of Java Culture coffee bar.

Personnel Plan

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Manager

$35,000

$37,800

$40,824

Baristas

$50,000

$54,000

$58,320

Employees

$39,600

$52,000

$56,000

Total People

7

8

8

Total Payroll

$124,600

$143,800

$155,144


Financial Plan

Java Culture will capitalize on the strong demand for high-quality gourmet coffee. The owners have provided the company with sufficient start-up capital. With successful management aimed at establishing and growing a loyal customer base, the company will see its net worth doubling in two years. Java Culture will maintain a healthy 65% gross margin, which combined with reasonable operating expenses, will provide enough cash to finance further growth.

7.1 Important Assumptions

General Assumptions

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Plan Month

1

2

3

Current Interest Rate

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

Long-term Interest Rate

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

Tax Rate

25.42%

25.00%

25.42%

Other

0

0

0

7.2 Projected Cash Flow

As the chart and table below present, the company will maintain a healthy cash flow position, which will allow for timely debt servicing and funds available for future development.

http://www.bplans.com/coffee_shop_business_plan/images/c12a0513de514071a4d63951fe021cb1.png


 

Pro Forma Cash Flow

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Cash Received

Cash from Operations

Cash Sales

$584,000

$642,400

$706,640

Subtotal Cash from Operations

$584,000

$642,400

$706,640

Additional Cash Received

Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received

$0

$0

$0

New Current Borrowing

$0

$0

$0

New Other Liabilities (interest-free)

$0

$0

$0

New Long-term Liabilities

$0

$0

$0

Sales of Other Current Assets

$0

$0

$0

Sales of Long-term Assets

$0

$0

$0

New Investment Received

$0

$0

$0

Subtotal Cash Received

$584,000

$642,400

$706,640

Expenditures

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Expenditures from Operations

Cash Spending

$124,600

$143,800

$155,144

Bill Payments

$327,865

$388,715

$420,945

Subtotal Spent on Operations

$452,465

$532,515

$576,089

Additional Cash Spent

Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out

$0

$0

$0

Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

Other Liabilities Principal Repayment

$0

$0

$0

Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment

$0

$3,585

$3,961

Purchase Other Current Assets

$0

$0

$0

Purchase Long-term Assets

$0

$2,000

$2,000

Dividends

$0

$0

$0

Subtotal Cash Spent

$455,765

$541,400

$585,350

Net Cash Flow

$128,235

$101,000

$121,290

Cash Balance

$195,358

$296,358

$417,648


7.3 Key Financial Indicators
 

http://www.bplans.com/coffee_shop_business_plan/images/d893aaca75374defb54463f11786a7d0.png


7.4 Break-even Analysis

With average monthly fixed costs of $20,300 in FY2001 and an average margin of 65%, Java Culture's break-even sales volume is around $31,300 per month. As shown further, the company is expected to generate such sales volume from the outstart.
 

http://www.bplans.com/coffee_shop_business_plan/images/0ca1cc6893544e14ab411a47291c9213.png

 

Break-even Analysis

Monthly Revenue Break-even

$31,247

Assumptions:

Average Percent Variable Cost

35%

Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost

$20,311

7.5 Projected Profit and Loss

Annual projected sales of $584,000 in FY2001 translate into $254.00 of sales per square foot, which is in line with the industry averages for this size of coffee bar. Overall, as the company gets established in the local market, its net profitability increases from 17.06% in FY2001 to 17.63% in FY2003. The table below outlines the projected Profit and Loss Statement for FY2001-2003.

 

Pro Forma Profit and Loss

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Sales

$584,000

$642,400

$706,640

Direct Cost of Sales

$204,400

$224,840

$247,324

Other

$0

$0

$0

Total Cost of Sales

$204,400

$224,840

$247,324

Gross Margin

$379,600

$417,560

$459,316

Gross Margin %

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

Expenses

Payroll

$124,600

$143,800

$155,144

Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses

$25,800

$27,600

$31,000

Depreciation

$5,400

$5,500

$5,500

Rent

$48,400

$52,800

$52,800

Rent

$6,000

$6,000

$6,000

Maintenance

$5,840

$6,424

$7,066

Utilities/Phone

$9,000

$9,500

$10,000

Payroll Taxes

$18,690

$21,570

$23,272

Other

$0

$0

$0

Total Operating Expenses

$243,730

$273,194

$290,782

Profit Before Interest and Taxes

$135,870

$144,366

$168,534

EBITDA

$141,270

$149,866

$174,034

Interest Expense

$2,821

$2,326

$1,618

Taxes Incurred

$33,740

$35,510

$42,424

Net Profit

$99,308

$106,530

$124,491

Net Profit/Sales

17.00%

16.58%

17.62%

7.6 Projected Balance Sheet

The company's net worth is expected to increase from approximately $212,000 by the end of FY2001 to approximately $443,000 in FY2003. The table below summarizes the projected balance sheets for this period.

 

Pro Forma Balance Sheet

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Assets

Current Assets

Cash

$195,358

$296,358

$417,648

Inventory

$21,175

$23,293

$25,622

Other Current Assets

$0

$0

$0

Total Current Assets

$216,533

$319,651

$443,270

Long-term Assets

Long-term Assets

$59,170

$61,170

$63,170

Accumulated Depreciation

$5,400

$10,900

$16,400

Total Long-term Assets

$53,770

$50,270

$46,770

Total Assets

$270,303

$369,921

$490,040

Liabilities and Capital

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Current Liabilities

Accounts Payable

$31,974

$31,947

$34,836

Current Borrowing

$6,700

$3,400

$100

Other Current Liabilities

$0

$0

$0

Subtotal Current Liabilities

$38,674

$35,347

$34,936

Long-term Liabilities

$20,000

$16,415

$12,454

Total Liabilities

$58,674

$51,762

$47,390

Paid-in Capital

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

Retained Earnings

($27,680)

$71,628

$178,159

Earnings

$99,308

$106,530

$124,491

Total Capital

$211,628

$318,159

$442,650

Total Liabilities and Capital

$270,303

$369,921

$490,040

Net Worth

$211,628

$318,159

$442,650

7.7 Business Ratios

The table below outlines the company's business ratios. The last column represents industry average business ratios for Specialty Eating Places (SIC 5812).

 

Ratio Analysis

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Industry Profile

Sales Growth

0.00%

10.00%

10.00%

7.60%

Percent of Total Assets

Inventory

7.83%

6.30%

5.23%

3.60%

Other Current Assets

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

35.60%

Total Current Assets

80.11%

86.41%

90.46%

43.70%

Long-term Assets

19.89%

13.59%

9.54%

56.30%

Total Assets

100.00%

100.00%

100.00%

100.00%

Current Liabilities

14.31%

9.56%

7.13%

32.70%

Long-term Liabilities

7.40%

4.44%

2.54%

28.50%

Total Liabilities

21.71%

13.99%

9.67%

61.20%

Net Worth

78.29%

86.01%

90.33%

38.80%

Percent of Sales

Sales

100.00%

100.00%

100.00%

100.00%

Gross Margin

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

60.50%

Selling, General & Administrative Expenses

47.94%

48.47%

47.37%

39.80%

Advertising Expenses

2.26%

2.18%

2.26%

3.20%

Profit Before Interest and Taxes

23.27%

22.47%

23.85%

0.70%

Main Ratios

Current

5.60

9.04

12.69

0.98

Quick

5.05

8.38

11.95

0.65

Total Debt to Total Assets

21.71%

13.99%

9.67%

61.20%

Pre-tax Return on Net Worth

62.87%

44.64%

37.71%

1.70%

Pre-tax Return on Assets

49.22%

38.40%

34.06%

4.30%

Additional Ratios

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Net Profit Margin

17.00%

16.58%

17.62%

n.a

Return on Equity

46.93%

33.48%

28.12%

n.a

Activity Ratios

Inventory Turnover

10.91

10.11

10.11

n.a

Accounts Payable Turnover

11.25

12.17

12.17

n.a

Payment Days

27

30

29

n.a

Total Asset Turnover

2.16

1.74

1.44

n.a

Debt Ratios

Debt to Net Worth

0.28

0.16

0.11

n.a

Current Liab. to Liab.

0.66

0.68

0.74

n.a

Liquidity Ratios

Net Working Capital

$177,858

$284,304

$408,334

n.a

Interest Coverage

48.16

62.07

104.13

n.a

Additional Ratios

Assets to Sales

0.46

0.58

0.69

n.a

Current Debt/Total Assets

14%

10%

7%

n.a

Acid Test

5.05

8.38

11.95

n.a

Sales/Net Worth

2.76

2.02

1.60

n.a

Dividend Payout

0.00

0.00

0.00

n.a

 

 

Sales Forecast

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Sales

Coffee beverages

0%

$24,000

$27,000

$28,800

$28,800

$28,800

$28,800

$28,800

$28,800

$29,400

$31,200

$33,000

$33,000

Coffee beans

0%

$6,000

$6,750

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,350

$7,800

$8,250

$8,250

Pastries, etc.

0%

$10,000

$11,250

$12,000

$12,000

$12,000

$12,000

$12,000

$12,000

$12,250

$13,000

$13,750

$13,750

Total Sales

$40,000

$45,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$49,000

$52,000

$55,000

$55,000

Direct Cost of Sales

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Coffee beverages

$6,000

$6,750

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,200

$7,350

$7,800

$8,250

$8,250

Coffee beans

$3,000

$3,375

$3,600

$3,600

$3,600

$3,600

$3,600

$3,600

$3,675

$3,900

$4,125

$4,125

Pastries, etc.

$5,000

$5,625

$6,000

$6,000

$6,000

$6,000

$6,000

$6,000

$6,125

$6,500

$6,875

$6,875

Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales

$14,000

$15,750

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$17,150

$18,200

$19,250

$19,250

Personnel Plan

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Manager

0%

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

$2,917

Baristas

0%

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

$4,167

Employees

0%

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

$3,300

Total People

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

Total Payroll

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

 

General Assumptions

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Plan Month

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Current Interest Rate

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

Long-term Interest Rate

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

10.00%

Tax Rate

30.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

25.00%

Other

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Pro Forma Profit and Loss

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Sales

$40,000

$45,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$49,000

$52,000

$55,000

$55,000

Direct Cost of Sales

$14,000

$15,750

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$17,150

$18,200

$19,250

$19,250

Other

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Total Cost of Sales

$14,000

$15,750

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$16,800

$17,150

$18,200

$19,250

$19,250

Gross Margin

$26,000

$29,250

$31,200

$31,200

$31,200

$31,200

$31,200

$31,200

$31,850

$33,800

$35,750

$35,750

Gross Margin %

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

65.00%

Expenses

Payroll

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

Sales and Marketing and Other Expenses

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

$2,150

Depreciation

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

$450

Rent

$0

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

$4,400

Rent

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

Maintenance

$400

$450

$480

$480

$480

$480

$480

$480

$490

$520

$550

$550

Utilities/Phone

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

$750

Payroll Taxes

15%

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

$1,558

Other

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Total Operating Expenses

$16,191

$20,641

$20,671

$20,671

$20,671

$20,671

$20,671

$20,671

$20,681

$20,711

$20,741

$20,741

Profit Before Interest and Taxes

$9,809

$8,609

$10,529

$10,529

$10,529

$10,529

$10,529

$10,529

$11,169

$13,089

$15,009

$15,009

EBITDA

$10,259

$9,059

$10,979

$10,979

$10,979

$10,979

$10,979

$10,979

$11,619

$13,539

$15,459

$15,459

Interest Expense

$248

$245

$243

$241

$239

$236

$234

$232

$229

$227

$225

$223

Taxes Incurred

$2,868

$2,091

$2,572

$2,572

$2,573

$2,573

$2,574

$2,574

$2,735

$3,216

$3,696

$3,697

Net Profit

$6,693

$6,273

$7,715

$7,716

$7,718

$7,720

$7,721

$7,723

$8,205

$9,647

$11,088

$11,090

Net Profit/Sales

16.73%

13.94%

16.07%

16.08%

16.08%

16.08%

16.09%

16.09%

16.74%

18.55%

20.16%

20.16%

 

Pro Forma Cash Flow

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Cash Received

Cash from Operations

Cash Sales

$40,000

$45,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$49,000

$52,000

$55,000

$55,000

Subtotal Cash from Operations

$40,000

$45,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$49,000

$52,000

$55,000

$55,000

Additional Cash Received

Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received

0.00%

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

New Current Borrowing

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

New Other Liabilities (interest-free)

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

New Long-term Liabilities

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Sales of Other Current Assets

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Sales of Long-term Assets

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

New Investment Received

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Subtotal Cash Received

$40,000

$45,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$48,000

$49,000

$52,000

$55,000

$55,000

Expenditures

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Expenditures from Operations

Cash Spending

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

$10,383

Bill Payments

$728

$22,112

$29,845

$30,569

$29,450

$29,449

$29,447

$29,445

$29,474

$30,424

$32,727

$34,195

Subtotal Spent on Operations

$11,112

$32,496

$40,228

$40,952

$39,834

$39,832

$39,830

$39,829

$39,857

$40,808

$43,110

$44,578

Additional Cash Spent

Sales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

$275

Other Liabilities Principal Repayment

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Purchase Other Current Assets

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Purchase Long-term Assets

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Dividends

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Subtotal Cash Spent

$11,387

$32,771

$40,503

$41,227

$40,109

$40,107

$40,105

$40,104

$40,132

$41,083

$43,385

$44,853

Net Cash Flow

$28,613

$12,229

$7,497

$6,773

$7,891

$7,893

$7,895

$7,896

$8,868

$10,917

$11,615

$10,147

Cash Balance

$95,736

$107,966

$115,462

$122,235

$130,127

$138,020

$145,914

$153,811

$162,679

$173,596

$185,211

$195,358

Pro Forma Balance Sheet

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Assets

Starting Balances

Current Assets

Cash

$67,123

$95,736

$107,966

$115,462

$122,235

$130,127

$138,020

$145,914

$153,811

$162,679

$173,596

$185,211

$195,358

Inventory

$16,027

$15,400

$17,325

$18,480

$18,480

$18,480

$18,480

$18,480

$18,480

$18,865

$20,020

$21,175

$21,175

Other Current Assets

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Total Current Assets

$83,150

$111,136

$125,291

$133,942

$140,715

$148,607

$156,500

$164,394

$172,291

$181,544

$193,616

$206,386

$216,533

Long-term Assets

Long-term Assets

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

$59,170

Accumulated Depreciation

$0

$450

$900

$1,350

$1,800

$2,250

$2,700

$3,150

$3,600

$4,050

$4,500

$4,950

$5,400

Total Long-term Assets

$59,170

$58,720

$58,270

$57,820

$57,370

$56,920

$56,470

$56,020

$55,570

$55,120

$54,670

$54,220

$53,770

Total Assets

$142,320

$169,856

$183,561

$191,762

$198,085

$205,527

$212,970

$220,414

$227,861

$236,664

$248,286

$260,606

$270,303

Liabilities and Capital

Month 1

Month 2

Month 3

Month 4

Month 5

Month 6

Month 7

Month 8

Month 9

Month 10

Month 11

Month 12

Current Liabilities

Accounts Payable

$0

$21,118

$28,825

$29,587

$28,469

$28,467

$28,465

$28,464

$28,462

$29,335

$31,586

$33,092

$31,974

Current Borrowing

$10,000

$9,725

$9,450

$9,175

$8,900

$8,625

$8,350

$8,075

$7,800

$7,525

$7,250

$6,975

$6,700

Other Current Liabilities

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Subtotal Current Liabilities

$10,000

$30,843

$38,275

$38,762

$37,369

$37,092

$36,815

$36,539

$36,262

$36,860

$38,836

$40,067

$38,674

Long-term Liabilities

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

$20,000

Total Liabilities

$30,000

$50,843

$58,275

$58,762

$57,369

$57,092

$56,815

$56,539

$56,262

$56,860

$58,836

$60,067

$58,674

Paid-in Capital

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

$140,000

Retained Earnings

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

($27,680)

Earnings

$0

$6,693

$12,966

$20,680

$28,397

$36,115

$43,834

$51,556

$59,279

$67,484

$77,130

$88,218

$99,308

Total Capital

$112,320

$119,013

$125,286

$133,000

$140,717

$148,435

$156,154

$163,876

$171,599

$179,804

$189,450

$200,538

$211,628

Total Liabilities and Capital

$142,320

$169,856

$183,561

$191,762

$198,085

$205,527

$212,970

$220,414

$227,861

$236,664

$248,286

$260,606

$270,303

Net Worth

$112,320

$119,013

$125,286

$133,000

$140,717

$148,435

$156,154

$163,876

$171,599

$179,804

$189,450

$200,538

$211,628



- Paul Kim's writing class

place : 장소, 자리, 입장, 처지, 지위

+ Recent posts